Journal Article LSCD : A Low-Storage Clone Detection Protocol for Cyber-Physical Systems

DONG, Mianxiong  ,  OTA, Kaoru  ,  YANG, Laurence T.  ,  LIU, Anfeng  ,  GUO, Minyi

Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have recently become an important research field not only because of their important and varied application scenarios, including transportation systems, smart homes, surveillance systems, and wearable devices but also because the fundamental infrastructure has yet to be well addressed. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs), as a type of supporting infrastructure, play an irreplaceable role in CPS design. Specifically, secure communication in WSNs is vital because information transferred in the networks can be easily stolen or replaced. Therefore, this paper presents a novel distributed low-storage clone detection protocol (LSCD) for WSNs. We first design a detection route along the perpendicular direction of a witness path with witness nodes deployed in a ring path. This ensures that the detection route must encounter the witness path because the distance between any two detection routes must be smaller than the witness path length. In the LSCD protocol, clone detection is processed in a nonhotspot region where a large amount of energy remains, which can improve energy efficiency as well as network lifetime. Extensive simulations demonstrate that the lifetime, storage requirements, and detection probability of our protocol are substantially improved over competing solutions from the literature.

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