Study on Establishing Professional Identity of Midwives: A Consideration from a Sense of Coherence and Self-Efficacy
入江, 眞理 ,
永井, 由美子山川, 正信
59 , 2018-02-28 , 大阪教育大学
Purpose: We clarifying an association between occupational identity (PI) and sense of coherence (SOC) and self-efficacy (SE) of the midwives, and examine educational support to establish PI of the young midwives. Object and method: We performed inventory survey about PI, SOC, SE and a basic and attribute and a system of the obstetrical outpatient by midwife for 132 midwives who worked full time in hospitals in Osaka, where the cooperation to this study was provided. Result: “Meaningfulness" that was one of the lower scales of SOC was higher in midwives aged 30 years and more, and “Comprehensibility" was higher in midwives in the facilities which did not carry out, had more than five years, midwife experience and aged 30 years and more. “Social positioning of the ability" that was one of the lower scales of SE was higher in midwives corresponding to in-hospital obstetrical, had more than five years experiences and were the chief of midwives. PI was higher in midwives who were corresponded to the in-hospital obstetrical, aged 30 years and more, had child and more than five years' midwife experience and no nurse experience. “The contribution to society" and “A self-midwife view"of PI were significantly related with “Meaningfulness" of SOC and “Social positioning of the ability" and “The aggressiveness of the action" of SE, even though considered the influence of confounding factors such as age and midwife experience. Conclusion: The possibility that educational support for young midwives raising SOC and SE made PI of midwives was suggested. It is important that to evaluate SOC and SE of the each midwife and to manage with goal setting depending on each to raise PI of midwife.