Departmental Bulletin Paper Factors of Related Obesity among Intellectual Disability Children: Cross-Sectional Study
知的障害児の肥満とそ関連要因 ─横断研究─

ONOI, Miyuki  ,  SHIRAISHI, Tatsuo

66pp.39 - 49 , 2018-02-28 , 大阪教育大学
Objectives: Worldwide trends over the past two decades indicate that the prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing. Although intellectual disability peoples were high risk group to obesity, obesity intervention study of intellectual disability(ID)children was not a less, and treatment program needed by intellectual disability level. Therefore, intellectual disability was dived into three levels, to investigate whether obesity among ID children was defined by three levels, and to assess the relationship between obesity and related factor. Study design: Cross sectional study, A self-registering questionnaire was mailed to 412 parents of ID children aged 5-12 years. The performed multiple regression analysis of the factors related to Body Mass Index. Result: Obesity rate among all ID children was higher than that of general children. In severe level boys, on eating behaviors when coping with stress and exercise need to be presented to parents from their children's earliest years. In moderate level girls, good childcare include good eating behavior, eating behaviors when coping with stress was taught their parents from a young age. In mild level children, a healthy life-style based on children's individual characteristics is best if begun in early childhood for girls and before late childhood in boys. Conclusion: The obesity rates of all ID children were higher than general children. Early intervention obesity program will need to all ID children.

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