A Study on the Press Reports of Sourth Korean Pre-College Study Abroad from March, 2003 to February, 2013
30 , 2016-02-29 , 大阪教育大学
In South Korea, a phenomenon called “Jogi-yuhak(pre-college study abroad, hereafter PSA)", i.e. elementary school children, and junior/senior high school students studying abroad, has spread and become a social problem. The aim of this paper is to illustrate how PSA has been perceived in the South Korean society from the Roh Moo-hyun administration period when PSA remarkably increased to the Lee Myung-bak administration period through a global financial crisis. For this purpose, I examined the major topics and issues about PSA in 12 Korean comprehensive daily newspapers of this decade. The results are as follows: PSA had already spread to the middle class parents as one of the possible options for their children. For the first few years, with remarkable increase of PSA, a great deal of know-how, success/failure stories and other useful information appeared. Then came the reflux of returning PSA students to Korea for university entrance (after secondary education abroad), and increase of elementary school children, studying in China and Southeast Asia. In this trend, parents' ambivalent feelings toward PSA were reported. Negative views and dissenting opinions on PSA, pointing out the problems continuously appeared in media. With the increase of PSA students, especially among elementary school children, “Gireogi appa(goose dad)", i.e. the fathers who worked in South Korea to support their wives' and childrens' study abroad also increased. The news of their lonely death and suicide severely worried people in general. In 2006 PSA reached its peak with nearly 30,000 students involved. Tendencies to utilize PSA as an entrance examination strategy and spread of target countries (to China and Southeast Asia) were reported. These PSA's negative sides increasingly recognized, “managed type PSA" not requiring mothers' accompany became popular, together with attention to Songdo International School and other similar schools, as an alternative to PSA. The Lee Myung-bak administration, with English education in public schools reinforcement policy, fueled English fever. The global financial crisis and the increasing costs of study abroad with the weak won, however, made the PSA boom stagnate. The news of decrease of the PSA students continued from around 2010, and causing factors were shown as: difficulty in readaptation to Korean schools after studying abroad, the decline of the effectiveness in entrance examination and finding employment. Thus the PSA is still regarded negatively while international schools or foreign schools attract attention as an alternative to PSA.