Departmental Bulletin Paper マーロウは“colonists"に好意的なのか? -コンラッド『闇の奥』における“colonists"と“conquerors"-
Are “Colonists" Thought of Favorably and “Conquerors" Unfavorably?: Conrad's Idea of “Colonists" and “Conquerors" in Heart of Darkness

西村, 隆

64 ( 2 )  , pp.53 - 62 , 2016-02-29 , 大阪教育大学
ジョウゼフ・コンラッドの小説『闇の奥』(Heart of Darkness, 1899; 1902)の冒頭部分において、語り手マーロウは “colonists"(入植者)と “conquerors"(征服者)という言葉を使いながら、他民族を支配するという行為(帝国主義)について諄々と再考を促す。批評家たちはしばしば、マーロウは(そしてコンラッドも)“colonists" に好意的で、“conquerors" に批判的なのだろうと解釈してきた。しかしそのように解釈すると、その後の小説の展開と噛み合わない部分が出てくる。この2つの用語と概念に注目しながら『闇の奥』を読み直し、コンラッドの帝国主義観を明らかにするのが本稿の目的である。
In Joseph Conrad's novella Heart of Darkness(1899), Marlow, the narrator-protagonist, compares the ancient Romans who conquered Britain nineteen hundred years ago with “modern" European imperialists going to Africa and Asia, calling the former “conquerors" and the latter “colonists". His way of speaking initially appears to be favorable to “colonists" and unfavorable to “conquerors", and he implies that modern “colonists" have some ideas which can “redeem" the squalor of imperialism. Avrom Fleishman, an influential scholar and author of the seminal work Conrad's Politics(1967), has greatly contributed to make this view - that “colonists" are thought of favorably and “conquerors" unfavorably - popular. But taking Marlow's ironic tone into consideration, this view merits reexamination. By examining ideas about imperialism at the time, such as J. A. Hobson's Imperialism: A Study(1902), this paper will clarify Marlow's(and Conrad's) idea of “colonists" and “conquerors".

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