||米国留学への動機 : 米国占領下の沖縄におけるガリオア留学制度と留学生のライフストーリー
"Studying in the US was the Only Hope" : Life Stories of GARIOA Students from Okinawa under US Military Occupation
山里, 絹子Yamazato, Kinuko Maehara
国際琉球沖縄論集 = International Review of Ryukyuan and Okinawan Studies
36 , 2017-03-31 , 琉球大学国際沖縄研究所 , International Institute for Okinawan Studies
The US Occupation of Okinawa from 1945 to 1972 has most often been discussed in terms of US-Japan relations at the macro level. However, both academics and the public also have recognized the importance of micro-level understanding of how the US military occupation and its ongoing presence have affected the lives of Okinawans. The life stories of Okinawans provide a deeper understanding of how different structural environments created the complicated and multi-layered experiences of individuals under the Occupation. By focusing on the life stories of Okinawans who studied in the United States under the GARIOA study abroad program, this article demonstrates how these Okinawans, who had direct contact with American society and culture through studying in the United States, experienced the Occupation. Their life stories not only illustrate how the unique situational contexts of postwar Okinawa were conducive to the different ways in which they conceived the idea of studying in the United States but also demonstrate how they engaged in what Ann Swidler called "a new strategy of action" during a period of upheaval.