Departmental Bulletin Paper シテシマウのムード的な意味
The Modal Meaning of Shiteshimau

渡真利, 聖子  ,  Tomari, Seiko

3pp.21 - 38 , 2016-03 , 琉球大学留学生センター , International Student Center University of the Ryukyus
This paper focuses on emotionality and evaluation in the modal aspect of the “shiteshimau” form. Firstly, emotive and evaluation characteristics expressed in sample sentences are identified. Such characteristics are influenced by moods, type of person and tense. While negative moods such as distress, regret and confusion can be seen in predicative moods used in the construction of narrative sentences, predicative moods are also used to express positive attitudes such as happiness and satisfaction. In the case of volitive moods used in optative sentences and imperative moods used in hortative sentences, affirmative attitudes that assert the desirability of the attainment of a certain outcome are used to encourage or instruct the listener. From the perspective of tense, this paper finds that there are more sample sentences that employ non-past tense forms in expressing negative attitudes such as admonishment, criticism and dissatisfaction, as compared to those that use the past tense form. Upon examining the various attitudes expressed by the “shiteshimau” form, this paper states that the common modal meaning shared within this form is unexpectedness. While unexpectedness is generally an evaluation in relation to perceived truths in sentences uttered by the speaker, this study finds that the speaker can also express unexpectedness from the standpoint of the listener or third-person in second-person and third-person sentences.

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