Departmental Bulletin Paper 琉球語平安座方言の名詞の格
Case Markers in the Ryukyuan Henza Dialect

當山, 奈那  ,  Toyama, Nana

(4)  , pp.47 - 59 , 2015-03-30 , 琉球大学国際沖縄研究所 , International Institute for Okinawan Studies
This study is a description and analysis of case marking on nouns in Henza Ryukyuan. The case particles "uti" and "Nzi" both occur with spatial nouns (expressing the place where an action or state occurs), but there is a tendency for them to be used for places that are far removed from the speaker. This is because the case marker "Nzi" is a grammaticalized form of the verb "to go." The differences and similarities in meaning between the cases marked by "ni," "naka," and "Nkai" have been analysed as well. The case expressed by "ni" almost never appeared during elicitation and its use seems to be limited with temporal nouns. The case markers "naka" and "Nkai" are similar in that they are used to express both locative and dative cases, but differ in that "naka" is used to express an allative case whereas "Nkai" is not. The use of "Nkai," however, has been expanding into the domain of "naka.

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