||Achieving the sustainable development goals : theoretical insights and case studies for making sustainability governance more integrative
4992017-09 , Institute of Developing Economies (IDE-JETRO)
It is widely recognized that governance is a vital condition for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Japan and elsewhere. However, we can see that prevailing forms of governance seem unable to address unsustainability effectively. Therefore, the main research question in this report is: What can be some theoretical insights that can provide guidance for governing the implementation of the SDGs? The findings together form the basis for a new approach to sustainability governance: Integrative Sustainability Governance (ISG). The ensuing ISG framework includes indicator frames within the theoretical pillars of power, knowledge and norms. Other main findings are that the transformation of crisis into transitions needs to find a place in risk management; that systems thinking can be helpful for addressing wicked problems; and that insights from behavioural science can play a crucial role in successful transitions. Finally, three case studies on key topics in development research are discussed to illustrate these ideas: one on energy efficiency and the SDGs, one on the water-energyfood nexus, and one on trade and the SDGs.