||Contraction of π-Conjugated Rings upon Oxidation from Cyclooctatetraene to Benzene via the Tropylium Cation
Tamoto, Akira ,
Aratani, NaokiYamada, Hiroko
2017-10-25 , Wiley-VCH Verlag
We have serendipitously discovered a unique transformation of a cyclooctatetraene derivative 1 into a cycloheptatriene spirolactone 3 upon oxidation, which is the first such transformation reported in 60 years. Product 3 could be reversibly interconverted into the aromatic tropylium cation 3H+ by acid/base treatment, which was accompanied by drastic spectroscopic changes. The resultant cycloheptatriene could be further converted into benzene upon oxidation. We characterized all the key structures by X-ray studies. Eventually, the π-conjugated ring size shrinks from 8 to 7, then finally to 6 upon oxidation, in the direction of the stronger aromatization.