Departmental Bulletin Paper 言語心理学で何を学べるか? : 言語学との学問イメージ比較

福田, 由紀  ,  蘒原, 遥  ,  菊池, 理紗

76pp.115 - 127 , 2018-03-13 , 法政大学文学部
ISSN:04412486
NCID:AN00226157
Description
本研究では,未習者と既習者が抱いている言語心理学への学問イメージを,同じく言語に関する学問分野である言語学への学問イメージと比較して探索的に検討した。実際に学ぶことができる内容を両学問分野より16項目ずつ32項目を用意した。それらについて,各学問分野において学べると思う項目を大学生172名に複数選択させた。学習経験の有無別に各学問分野についてコレスポンデンス分析を行い,4群を比較した。その結果,両学問分野とも未習者の学問イメージは拡散していた。また,項目選択率を比較した結果,言語心理学は言語学よりも学べる範囲が狭い学問分野だと捉えられていた。他方,既習者は未習者よりも項目の判別精度が高く,学習経験の影響が認められた。既習者の学問イメージは両学問分野ともに未習者よりも明確であった。言語心理学の学問イメージは言語心理学由来の項目のみで,一方,言語学の学問イメージは両分野由来の項目で構成されていた。つまり,学習経験により,言語心理学は言語活動を理解するための法則を追求する学問分野であるという実態により近いイメージに収束した。
The present study exploratorily investigated the image toward psychology-of-language held by students who have learned the subject and those who have not, and compared it to the image that students held toward linguistics. We picked up 32 items that students can learn in psychology-of-language (16 items) and linguistics (16 items). A group of 172 university students were asked to select multiple items which they thought they could learn in psychology-of-language or linguistics. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to learning experience and academic discipline, and their images were compared by correspondence analysis. Results indicated that (1) students who have not studied either subject considered psychology-of-language as an academic discipline in which they could learn about some aspects of language, (2) they did not have a clear image of either psychology-of-language or linguistics, and (3) they thought they could learn less in psychology-of-language than in linguistics. On the other hand, the results also revealed that (1) students who have learned either or both subjects could recognize correct learnable items in both psychology-of-language and linguistics, (2) the items from psychology-of-language were contained in the image for psychology-of-language, and (3) those from both psychology-of-language and linguistics were contained in the image for linguistics. These results suggest that students who have learned psychology-of-language consider the subject as an academic discipline pursuing the laws that help us understand language activities.
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