||デリダの趣味判断批判における「アレルギー」と「吐き気」の問題 : カント『人間学』と五感のポリティックス
The problems of “allergy” and “vomit” in Derrida’s critique of Kant’s theory of taste
310 , 2016-04-01 , 法政大学国際文化学部
This paper aims to reveal the logic of exclusion at work in Kant’s theory of taste, by taking into account Derrida’s Economimesis. Specifically, close attention will be paid to his analysis of la bouche（ the mouth） and vomir（vomit）, as they are outlined in his larger discussion of Economimesis. It is argued that these key concepts are related not just to bodily functions, but also concern the problems of exclusion or discrimination found in society. Indeed, Derrida argued that the state of society is one of “auto-destruction” and yet also “auto-immunity,” as found in the texts Voyous（ 2003） and Philosophy in a Time of Terror （2004）. With this in mind, I first consider Derrida’s critique of Kant’s example of “the mouth,” found in Critique of Judgment . Kantregarded the poet as having reached the pinnacle of the hierarchical structure ofart. Derrida, however, focuses on the poet’s mouth, calling the example the “oralité exemplaire”（ oral exemplar）. With this in place, he further argues that there are two means of taste. In so doing, he argues that there is a contradiction between the concepts of taste-as-flavor and taste-as-sense, as found in the example of the mouth. He calls this contradiction an “allergy.” Drawing on this argument, I analyze the operation of the senses of taste and hearing, as concerned with in “hearing oneself speaking,” as a form of auto-affection. Derrida finds the structure of auto-affection in Kant’s the third Critique ,pointing out the logo/phonocentrism inherent within it. Accordingly, I tease out some of the implications of my reading of Derrida, taking particular notice of his concern with “vomit.” Derrida sees an “absolute exclusion,” without incorporation, in the concept. Using this analysis, I will reveal the problem of the exclusion of the other implicit within the third Critique, one not intended by Kant himself. Consequently, this paper suggest that Derrida’s reading of Kant’s judgment of taste can be widened, through analogy, and that the mechanisms of foreign exclusion can apply to various situations, such as those derived as a result of infectious diseases, immigration problems, and conflicts between nations. This is because these social problems make use of the phenomenon of immunity-as-prevention.