Departmental Bulletin Paper 地域における再生可能エネルギー事業化の現状と課題 : 「統合事業化モデル」再考 (特集 再生可能エネルギーによる地域再生 : 戦略的になすべきこと)

茅野, 恒秀

6pp.21 - 36 , 2016-03-15 , 法政大学サステイナビリティ研究所
英文:The rapid expansion of renewable energy since the 2012 introduction of the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) law has highlighted that most related facilities stem from initiatives such as mega-solar development by external or multinational companies rather than being endogenous to local communities. Challenges associated with regional regeneration based on renewable energy must be addressed, but local enterprises face a variety of difficulties in this regard. This paper first outlines how the renewable energy business and its environment have been since the enforcement of the FIT law. This is followed by a review of the Integrated Business Model for Community-based Renewable Energy proposed by Professor Harutoshi Funabashi et al. as a basic approach capturing the process of community-based renewable energy projects. Then, with focus on issues related to financing, the paper describes the results of a financing trend survey of local financial institutions and a public opinion survey, both conducted in Japan’s Tohoku region. Due to the trend of financing by local institutions, local banks have a generally positive attitude toward renewable energy project financing. Meanwhile, shinkin banks and credit unions (which form the core of community-based financial institutions) have developed a variety of attitudes toward renewableenergy finance compared to those of local banks. A public opinion survey conducted from 2012 to 2014 revealed two of the trend; 1) the people interested in the local community and energy issues, 2) the use of renewable energy at the homes, created a positive attitude toward investment in community-based renewable energy projects. This indicates that the needs of community-based renewable energy project support are shifting toward the development of more concrete methods based on specific knowledge and problem resolution.

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