インド，タミル・ナドゥ州ティルプールの綿ニットウエア集積地の形成と展開 : 研究史の整理をかねてインド，タミル・ナドゥ州ティルプールの綿ニットウエア集積地の形成と展開 : 研究史の整理をかねてAN00071028 Formation and Development of the Knitwear Cluster in Tirupur, Tami Nabu, India : With a Review of Fieldwork Researches
Tirupur is the most representative cotton knitwear cluster in India. It is estimated that about 80 percent of the total cotton knitwear exports from India come from Tirupur. The development of Tirupur as an export center of knitwear began in the early 1980s. Before 1980, Tirupur was a knitwear cluster for the domestic market. The transformation of Tirupur from a domestic-market-oriented cluster to an export-market-oriented cluster has accompanied the change of firm groups from the Chettiar caste to the Gounder caste, the change from composite mills to decentralized small and medium mills, and the change from hourly payment to piece-rate payment to workers. A large number of fieldwork-based research studies focusing on this new rise of Tirupur as an export cluster has appeared. In this paper, we review these studies to trace the development trajectory of Tirupur since the 1980s up to today, and assess the development possibilities of the “high-road” in the future.