This paper treats two harmful effects of contemporary Japan. The first harmful effect was caused by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s economic policy, known as Abenomics. He has pledged to promote economic growth. To that end, with Governor KURODA of the bank of Japan he wants to set an inflation target of two percent. It was for that purpose that they are undertaking an unlimited monetary easing policy. This expected to increase prices and investment, in order to increase wages. The results of these increases must bring about Economic Growth. But their plan doesn’t seem to have been realized. This is because, their plan is based on the trickle-down hypothesis. It is a fictitious theory. This unrealizable policy has increased the distressing Inequality and Poverty in contemporary Japanese society. The ripple effect from rich to poor, and from some big companies to a great many small companies can’t be realized. This effect is the so-called Trickle- down effect and is certainly nothing more than an illusion. The second harmful effect was caused by the severe accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plants. Three nuclear reactors were damaged and their nuclear fuel melted down. Consequently, the radioactive fallout released into the atmosphere contaminated an extensive area of Fukushima and the surrounding prefectures. To this day, the radioactive contamination has still not been eliminated from the affected areas. The severe accident in Fukushima and the radioactivity are out of control. The refugees from the radioactivity aren’t being given sufficient aid by Government and Tokyo Electric Power Company. In conclusion, Prime Minister Abe can’t control the two harmful effects, inflation target policy and radioactive contamination, because the Trickle- down hypothesis and the myth of absolutely reliable nuclear power plants are mistaken. Their wrong illusions are proved by the facts of the situation.