Departmental Bulletin Paper グローバリゼーションの一断章 : 米国の軍事戦略と関連して
Globalization in Military Affairs

柿崎, 繁  ,  Kakizaki, Shigeru

82 ( 3 )  , pp.13 - 64 , 2015-03-20 , 法政大学経済学部学会
The Cold War ended in the period 1989 to 1991. Since that time, the movement of people demanding a peace dividend has strengthened. The U.S. military forces could not therefore expect the military build-up to occur as before. Because financial circumstances worsened as a result of long-term recession measures, the U.S. government had to reduce military expenditures. The Department of Defense and military industry are reacting to these issues in various ways. They take actions toward the privatization of war affairs, the promotion of “Revolution in Military Affairs”, in which the “Information and Communication Technology Revolution” is introduced, and so on. The high prices of weapons with advanced technological features have caused weapons procurement to decrease. The uptake of private high-technologies, the competition and tie-up between the nation and companies in technological development, global joint development, and besides these, the competition along with mergers and acquisitions between military companies are included in trends that reinforce the weakening of military forces. Such movements appear in co-relation to the pursuit of market expansion through the tie-up between companies and the global competition in weapons exports. On the one side, they are regarded as the transitional diastrophism for global hegemony and the formation of the new global order. On the other side, they are thought to be the outcome of pressure on economic militarization due to global economic stagnation. The evolution of the ICT revolution increasingly exacerbates social and economical contradictions. It can therefore be considered to be one element which once again allows the re-amplification of new military tension over global hegemony. In order to maintain prominence in armaments in the Post Cold War era, the United States has accelerated the modernization of armaments, namely the revolution in military affairs. The U.S. thus pursues standardization in the use of military systems, constructs the new world strategic framework correspondingly, and attempts to bring about transformations in the military-industrial complex. In fact, the U.S. promotes the global networking of armaments under U.S. hegemony. It is the promotion of globalization in military affairs which links to the ICT revolution. Such movements are designed to maintain the U.S. military hegemony. Modern globalization is developing in connection with the trend of maintaining the U.S. hegemony in military affairs.

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