||メディア化時代の「宗教」 : デリダにおける「世界ラテン化」（1）
Religion and Mediatization : Globalatinization in Derrida’s Philosophy
118 , 2015-04-01 , 法政大学国際文化学部
The concept of mediatization is used by a variety of thinkers to refer to the process of structural changes in modern society that have spread through media technologies. Media not only influences general mass media, but also has the power to blur the boundaries between the private and public spheres. This article considers the philosophical relationship of mediatization to religion, rather than to the social sciences or media studies, and therefore aims to unearth the fundamental problem behind the phenomenon of “globalatinization”. In order to understand the concept of mediatization, this paper begins by presenting the theory of “mediatization of religion,” as argued by Stig Hjarvard. It then examines how this conceptʼs implications are too broad to be expressed by just one word. Although mediatization is often discussed as a uniquephenomenon in recent society, the philosopher Jacques Derrida had already suggested some characteristics of the mediatization of religion during the 1990s. He argued that there is an absolute singular in the power and structure of Christian mediatization, and he proposed calling this process “globalatinization.” This article will consider the meaning of mediatization in reference to Derridaʼs texts. In particular, his article “All Above No Journalists!” will be examined, in its apparent Christian paradigm. In addition, Derridaʼs article “Faith and Knowledge,” a text that argues that the concept of religion should be understood etymologically, where the deconstructed meaning of the word is “a persistent bond that bonds itself” will be examined. Moreover, this article will discuss Derridaʼs statement about the relationship between media and the secret as “the ab-solutum,” media and spectralization as “the visible invisible,” and both relationshipsʼ connection to religious structure, by referencing “Echographies of Television” and “Specters of Marx.” Finally, this paper will provide a consideration of religion amidst the modern concept of mediatization.