||着衣動作分析に基づく日常生活に配慮したズボンの提案 : 脳性マヒ患者と二分脊椎患者を中心に
チャクイ ドウサ ブンセキ ニ モトヅク ニチジョウ セイカツ ニ ハイリョ シタ ズボン ノ テイアン : ノウセイマヒ カンジャ ト ニブンセキツイ カンジャ オ チュウシン ニ
Suggestions for Trousers Patterns with Consideration for Daily Life Based on an Analysis of the Dressing Motions for Trousers. : Focusing on Cerebral Palsy Patients and Spina Bifida Patients
雙田, 珠己 ,
ソダ, タマミSoda, Tamami
364 , 2015-12-18 , 熊本大学
The purpose of the present study was to suggest trousers patterns based on an analysis of the dressing motion of persons with motor impairment, while considering ease of dressing and daily life. We analyzed the dressing and undressing of the seven subjects (four cerebral palsy patients, two spina bifida patients, and one spinal cord injury patient) with an occupational therapist. As a result, it was difficult for persons with motor impairment to pull the trousers up over the hips, and it was clarified that the posture at that time was different according to the degree of lower limb disorder. Most of the persons with motor impairment attached great importance to dressing/undressing and trousers that do not use a fastner, and wore trousers that use elastic cord sewn into the waist instead of a waist belt. However, persons who spent most of the day in a wheelchair did not like the elastic cord, in which the lower back appears immediately. Furthermore, they were dissatisfied with the trousers when they crawled around in rooms and corridors without using the wheelchair for movement, because these trousers would slide down below the waist. Therefore, among a group (n=4) of persons whose posture for lifting the waist of the trousers is to have both knees touching the floor, we adapted the patterns of the trousers with the waist belt in accordance with the following three conditions. 1. The muscular strength of the arms is weak. 2. Lower extremity orthoses are being used in daily life. 3. It was possible for the person to dress himself or herself with the lower extremity orthoses attached. As a result of making trial products and wearing them, improvement in the putting on and taking off of the trousers was accepted.