ボチ ヘノ シンリャクシャ ニ オケル ハクジン ナンブ ノ シンショウ チズ
The Imagined Geography of the White South in Intruder in the Dust
永尾, 悟 ,
ナガオ, サトルNagao, Satoru
129 , 2015-03-17 , 熊本大学
William Faulkner's Intruder in the Dust (1948) dramatizes Chick Mallison's process of constructing his white identity through his relation to Lucas Beauchamp, an old black farmer wrongly arrested of murdering a white lumberjack, Vinson Gowrie. Uncovering the evidence that proves Lucas' innocence, Chick finds himself torn between two conflicting ideas about the South: while refusing to bear the racial injustice and brutality of the segregated South, he envisions the cultural "homogeneity" of white Southerners that must be defended from the interference of the federal government. Chick's ambivalence toward his white cultural heritage is grounded in the national discourse of post-World War II America, in which the South was no longer considered exceptional but rather integrated into the nation-state. The changing situation of the South in the late 1940s coincides with the period in which Faulkner gained a national reputation and consciously assumed the role of a spokesman for the white South. This essay argues that the novel illustrates the self-image of white Southerners as the defenders of regional autonomy against the national trends toward greater racial equality, reflecting Faulkner's growing awareness of his own identity as a white Southern writer.