||ルワンダジェノサイド後のコミュニティでの和解実践 : NGOリーチ・ルワンダの活動から
ルワンダ ジェノサイド ゴ ノ コミュニティ デノ ワカイ ジッセン : NGO リーチ ルワンダ ノ カツドウ カラ
A Community Reconciliation Project following the Rwandan Genocide of 1994 : From the Field Research of the NGO, REACH Rwanda
石原, 明子 ,
イシハラ, アキコIshihara, Akiko
156 , 2015-03-25 , 熊本大学
REACH Rwanda is a non-governmental organization that has been promoting reconciliation and peacebuilding in the post-conflict context following the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. In this paper, the author reports her finding from field research involving justice and reconciliation projects and discusses implications for Japanese community conflict transformation and reconciliation projects and future research. REACH Rwanda has achieved success with some cases of community reconciliation between offenders and victims of the genocide by offering: 1) healing and reconciliation seminars; 2) projects for re-building victims' houses by the offenders; and 3) collaborative pig farming between offenders and victims. These projects were planned and implemented applying the philisophy and theories of restorative justice. The REACH Rwanda project is a unique from of restorative justice in that it does not center upon the traditionally direct conversation / mediation between the offenders and victims. This form of justice could be suitable to the Japanese context as Japanese culture tends to avoid direct confrontations. This research has inspired the author with further ideas for research about conflict transformation, peace building, and restorative justice for traumatized communities. The author is planning a comparative study of the justice building and reconciliation process at the community level with the Rwandan Genocide, the Minamata Mercury Pollution, and the Fukushima nuclear disaster, using the research ideas she obtainded from the field research conducted in Rwanda.