Journal Article C-terminal residues of ferredoxin-NAD(P)+ reductase from Chlorobaculum tepidum are responsible for reaction dynamics in the hydride transfer and redox equilibria with NADP+/NADPH

Seo, Daisuke  ,  Asano, Tomoya

136 ( 3 )  , pp.275 - 290 , 2018-06-01 , Springer Netherlands
Ferredoxin-NAD(P)+ reductase ([EC], [EC]) from Chlorobaculum tepidum (CtFNR) is structurally homologous to the bacterial NADPH-thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), but possesses a unique C-terminal extension relative to TrxR that interacts with the isoalloxazine ring moiety of the flavin adenine dinucleotide prosthetic group. In this study, we introduce truncations to the C-terminal residues to examine their role in the reactions of CtFNR with NADP+ and NADPH by spectroscopic and kinetic analyses. The truncation of the residues from Tyr326 to Glu360 (the whole C-terminal extension region), from Phe337 to Glu360 (omitting Phe337 on the re-face of the isoalloxazine ring) and from Ser338 to Glu360 (leaving Phe337 intact) resulted in a blue-shift of the flavin absorption bands. The truncations caused a slight increase in the dissociation constant toward NADP+ and a slight decrease in the Michaelis constant toward NADPH in steady-state assays. Pre-steady-state studies of the redox reaction with NADPH demonstrated that deletions of Tyr326–Glu360 decreased the hydride transfer rate, and the amount of reduced enzyme increased at equilibrium relative to wild-type CtFNR. In contrast, the deletions of Phe337–Glu360 and Ser338–Glu360 resulted in only slight changes in the reaction kinetics and redox equilibrium. These results suggest that the C-terminal region of CtFNR is responsible for the formation and stability of charge-transfer complexes, leading to changes in redox properties and reactivity toward NADP+/NADPH. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
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