||Thermal and magnetic properties of regenerator material Gd2O2S
Matsumoto, Koichi ,
Numazawa, Takenori ,
Ura, Yutaro ,
Ujiyama, T.Abe, Susumu
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
, p.12010 , 2017-09-21 , Institute of Physics Publishing
Magnetic materials play a significant role in improvement of regenerative cryocooler performance, because they have high volumetric specific heat at magnetic transition temperatures. Gadolinium oxysulfide (Gd2O2S, GOS) that has an antiferromagnetic transition at 5 K improved the cooling performance of cryocoolers when it was used in colder side of the second stage regenerator operating below 10 K. Small magnetic susceptibility and specific heat insensitive to magnetic field is important in order to reduce influence of magnetic field on the performance of cryocooler. We measured magnetization and specific heat of ceramic GOS in magnetic field up to 5 T. The magnetization of GOS represented typical temperature dependence for antiferromagnetic materials and no metamagnetic transition was observed. As for specific heat of GOS, peak temperature decreased from 5.5 to 5.0 K with increasing magnetic field from 0 to 5 T and the transitions remained sharp in magnetic fields. Thermal conductivity of GOS was observed to have very small magnetic field dependence. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.