学術雑誌論文 Real-space and real-Time dynamics of CRISPR-Cas9 visualized by high-speed atomic force microscopy

Shibata, Mikihiro  ,  Nishimasu, Hiroshi  ,  Kodera, Noriyuki  ,  Hirano, Seiichi  ,  Ando, Toshio  ,  Uchihashi, Takayuki  ,  Nureki, Osamu

8 ( 1 )  , p.1430 , 2017-12-01 , Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12645905
内容記述
金沢大学新学術創成研究機構
The CRISPR-Associated endonuclease Cas9 binds to a guide RNA and cleaves double-stranded DNA with a sequence complementary to the RNA guide. The Cas9-RNA system has been harnessed for numerous applications, such as genome editing. Here we use high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) to visualize the real-space and real-Time dynamics of CRISPR-Cas9 in action. HS-AFM movies indicate that, whereas apo-Cas9 adopts unexpected flexible conformations, Cas9-RNA forms a stable bilobed structure and interrogates target sites on the DNA by three-dimensional diffusion. These movies also provide real-Time visualization of the Cas9-mediated DNA cleavage process. Notably, the Cas9 HNH nuclease domain fluctuates upon DNA binding, and subsequently adopts an active conformation, where the HNH active site is docked at the cleavage site in the target DNA. Collectively, our HS-AFM data extend our understanding of the action mechanism of CRISPR-Cas9. © 2017 The Author(s).
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