||GADD45 family proteins suppress JNK signaling by targeting MKK7
Ueda, Takumi ,
Kohama, Yuri ,
Kuge, Ayana ,
Kido, ErikoSakurai, Hiroshi
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
7 , 2017-12-01 , Academic Press Inc.
Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 (GADD45) family genes encode related proteins, including GADD45α, GADD45β, and GADD45γ. In HeLa cells, expression of GADD45 members is differentially regulated under a variety of environmental conditions, but thermal and genotoxic stresses induce the expression of all genes. The heat shock response of GADD45β is mediated by the heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1), and GADD45β is necessary for heat stress survival. Heat and genotoxic stress-induced activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is suppressed by the expression of GADD45 proteins. GADD45 proteins bind the JNK kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 (MKK7) and inhibit its activity, even under normal physiological conditions. Our findings indicate that GADD45 essentially suppresses the MKK7-JNK pathway and suggest that differentially expressed GADD45 family members fine-tune stress-inducible JNK activity. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
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