Journal Article Potential-Induced Aggregation of Anionic Porphyrins at Liquid|Liquid Interfaces

Yamamoto, Sho  ,  Nagatani, Hirohisa  ,  Imura, Hisanori

33 ( 39 )  , pp.10134 - 10142 , 2017-10-03 , American Chemical Society
The adsorption and self-aggregation of anionic porphyrins were studied at the polarized water|1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) interface by polarization-modulation total internal reflection fluorescence (PM-TIRF) spectroscopy. 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin diacid (H4TPPS2-) and protoporphyrin IX (H2PP2-) exhibited high surface activities at the interface. The selective excitation of interfacial species in PM-TIRF measurements elucidated the potential-induced aggregation mechanism of the porphyrins. The J-aggregates of H4TPPS2- were reversibly formed only at the water|DCE interface by applying appropriate potentials even when the porphyrins exist as monomers in the aqueous and organic solutions. In the H2PP2- system, the slow aggregation process was found in the negative potential region. The spectral characteristics and the signal phase of PM-TIRF indicated that the H2PP2- monomers were adsorbed with relatively standing orientation and that the long axis of the J-aggregates was nearly in plane of the interface. H2PP2- was also investigated at the biomimetic phospholipid-adsorbed water|DCE interface. The competitive adsorption of neutral glycerophospholipids effectively inhibited the potential-dependent adsorption and interfacial aggregation processes of H2PP2-. The results demonstrated that the aggregation state of the charged species can reversibly be controlled at liquid|liquid interfaces as a function of externally applied potential. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
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