Departmental Bulletin Paper 戦前期福島県における電力産業の対抗過程の検証: 富山県との経路比較
A Study of the Process for Regional Development of the Electric Power Industry in Pre-war Fukushima Prefecture and a comparison with Toyama Prefecture

森田, 弘美

(33)  , pp.71 - 91 , 2017-03-28 , 金沢大学大学院人間社会環境研究科 = Graduate School of Human and Socio-Enviromental Studies Kanazawa University
Fukushima Prefecture was known as a "hydro-electric prefecture" during the prewar period and has been the closest source of coal and copper to the metropolitan area since the Meiji period and the site for heavy industries that have led to the formation of industrial areas that continued postwar. It has now become a "power-supply prefecture" with its hydroelectric power, which should be considered a local resource, monopolized for use by the metropolitan area. It is believed that regional development by attracting new companies tends to have little relevance to the local economy; and when companies fail to take root, they leave nothing behind. However, in another prefecture, also known prewar as a "hydro-electric prefecture" and which also developed heavy industries, Toyama Prefecture, companies were able to take root and are still prosperous today. If we assume that a region's development depends on its geographical features, history, and economy, then what was the difference between the paths of these two "hydro-electric prefectures?" We tracked the process of capital accumulation and industrialization and the formation of the regional economy in Fukushima between 1912 and 1940 by analyzing the establishment process of enterprises, shareholder composition, capital deployment, and management of utilities. Our analysis indicated that there was a local entrepreneurial network between new settlers from outside the region and the local wealthy class. However, the local wealthy class was separated into small regions, and with no cooperation between the regions, the electric and financial companies were also split into small groups. Furthermore, since the interests of the local wealthy class were biased towards the silk industry, the movement to create a market for electricity did not spread. Comparing this with Toyama prefecture, we concluded that the differences in the two paths defined the quality and structure of the regional economy.

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