47 , 2017-03-28 , 金沢大学大学院人間社会環境研究科 = Graduate School of Human and Socio-Enviromental Studies Kanazawa University
This paper aims to interpret "Jippi-Benzaiten-Ho" text preserved at the Kongosanmaiin Temple and explain its contents. Jippi-benzaiten is a deva with three snake heads and ten arms, and this text describes the method of the Jippi-benzaiten's ritual. The text is preserved by Kongosanmaiin temple, but is deposited at Koyasan university library. The Kongosanmaiin temple has several texts about Jippi-benzaiten, written from the end of the 15th century to the I 6th century. "Jippi-Benzaiten-Shidai-Kuketsu," introduced by the previous study, is preserved at the Shinnoin temple, and is an example of how "Jippi-Benzaiten-Ho" was transferred from the same text. On the other hand, "Bussetsu-Benzaitennyo-Kyo," which is written about Jippi-benzaiten in narrative form, is considered the scripture that accompanies "Jippi-Benzaiten-Ho". "Jippi-Benzaiten-Ho" describes the methods of the Jippi-benzaiten's ritual sequentially, and it is remarkable that its contents have much in common with the Tenkawa-benzaiten-mandala (the painting depicting Jippi-benzaiten). It is believed that this text was written using the "Kinbusen-Himitsu-Den" as reference.Several paintings of Jippi-benzaiten were created in Nara in the 16th century.The texts about the Jippi-benzaiten were written in Koyasan during the same era. A mountain ascetic called Tozan-ha, had propagated the faith of the benzaiten in Nara, Koyasan, and Tozan-ha-shugen-ja.