Journal Article Microarray analysis of circulating microRNAs in familial Mediterranean fever

Wada, Taizo  ,  Toma, Tomoko  ,  Matsuda, Yusuke  ,  Yachie, Akihiro  ,  Itami, Saori  ,  Taguchi, Y-h  ,  Murakami, Yoshiki

27 ( 6 )  , pp.1040 - 1046 , 2017-11-02 , Japan College of Rheumatology / Taylor and Francis Ltd
ISSN:1439-7595
NCID:AA1157187X
Description
Objectives: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in MEFV. Mutations in exon 10 are associated with typical FMF phenotypes, whereas the pathogenic role of variants in exons 2 and 3 remains uncertain. Recent evidence suggests that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are potentially useful biomarkers in several diseases. Therefore, their expression was assessed in FMF. Methods: The subjects were 24 patients with FMF who were between attacks: eight with exon 10 mutations (group A), eight with exon 3 mutations (group B), and eight without exon 3 or 10 mutations (group C). We also investigated eight cases of PFAPA as disease controls. Exosome-rich fractionated RNA was subjected to miRNA profiling by microarray. Results: Using the expression patterns of 26 miRNAs, we classified FMF (groups A, B, and C) and PFAPA with 78.1% accuracy. In FMF patients, groups A and B, A and C, and B and C were distinguished with 93.8, 87.5, and 100% accuracy using 24, 30, and 25 miRNA expression patterns, respectively. Conclusions: These findings suggest that expression patterns of circulating miRNAs differ among FMF subgroups based on MEFV mutations between FMF episodes. These patterns may serve as a useful biomarker for detecting subgroups of FMF. © 2017 Japan College of Rheumatology
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