Departmental Bulletin Paper 地域に住む高齢者における自然災害への備えの実態と避難行動に対する認識の影響要因
Disaster preparedness and factors associated with evacuation behavior recognition in community-dwelling elderly

京田, 薫  ,  板谷, 智也  ,  塚崎, 恵子  ,  佐々木, 望  ,  清水, 幸恵  ,  杉田, 真奈花  ,  高, 幸恵  ,  原田, 紗也子  ,  南, 咲  ,  山本, 香織  ,  山本, 由佳  ,  夕下, 豊

40 ( 1 )  , pp.83 - 91 , 2016-07-29 , 金沢大学つるま保健学会 = Tsuruma Health Science Society, Kanazawa University
This study was performed to explore disaster preparedness to determine the factors associated with evacuation behavior recognition in the community-dwelling elderly. Sixtytwo elderly people were asked to answer a questionnaire about characteristics, activities of daily living, health management, disaster prevention awareness, disaster preparedness, and evacuation behavior recognition in the event of an evacuation order. The subjects had an average age of 75 years old, approximately 80% were female, 30% lived alone, 90% were able to walk independently, and 60% were on regular medications. Among the participants, 60% recognized the possibility hat they may be involved in a disaster, 40% prepared drugs or a medication notebook, 60% reserved a 3-day food supply, 70% prepared methods for communication among family members, and 70% recognized that they would require support from the neighborhood in the event of a disaster. In addition, 80% planned their living environment, and 70% slept in a safe place. In the event of an evacuation order, 30% wanted to stay in their home, while 70% wanted to move to an emergency shelter. Binomial logistic regression analysis using “evacuation behavior recognition” as a dependent valuable suggested that methods of collection of disaster information affected evacuation behavior recognition. Approximately 40% of the participants did not consider the method for collection of disaster information among those who wanted to stay in their homes. Many had lower disaster prevention awareness, and their preparations for evacuation were insufficient. Abstract

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