Journal Article Decontamination of metal-contaminated waste foundry sands using an EDTA-NaOH-NH3 washing solution

Sawai, Hikaru  ,  Rahman, Ismail M.M.  ,  Fujita, Mayuko  ,  Jii, Naoyuki  ,  Wakabayashi, Tomoya  ,  Begum, Zinnat A.  ,  Maki, Teruya  ,  Mizutani, Satoshi  ,  Hasegawa, Hiroshi

296pp.199 - 208 , 2016-07-15 , Elsevier
Waste foundry sand (WFS), which is a hazardous byproduct from the foundry industry, is often contaminated with potentially toxic elements (PTEs), such as Cu, Pb and Zn, and widely re-utilized as a construction material. Therefore, the depollution of WFS has been suggested due to its environment friendly reprocessing to avoid potential long-term hazardous impacts. In the current study, a unique chemically induced technique has been proposed for the removal of PTEs from WFS. EDTA, NaOH and NH3 were used as extractants in combination or in succession. The optimum removal of PTEs was accomplished using a solid (WFS) to solution (50 mmol L-1 EDTA) ratio of 10 under strongly basic pH conditions, which was achieved with NaOH addition. The washing efficiency was further enhanced with the addition of NH3 to the solution. The complete process cycle duration was adjusted to 9 h with a washing sequence that was repeated three times for 3 h each. The ultimate efficiencies (%) for the removal of PTEs were as follows: Cu, 98; Pb, 81; Sn, 83; and Zn, 50. The leaching of residual PTEs (%) from the decontaminated WFS was also in compliance with the regulatory levels that are defined by the monitoring authorities. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
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