Journal Article Lower prevalence of Entamoeba species in children with vertically transmitted HIV infection in Western Kenya

Matey, Elizabeth Jemaiyo  ,  Tokoro, Masaharu  ,  Nagamoto, Takehiro  ,  Mizuno, Tetsushi  ,  Saina, Matilda Chelimo  ,  Bi, Xiuqiong  ,  Oyombra, Jane A.  ,  Okumu, Paul  ,  Langat, Benard Kibet  ,  Sang, Willie Kipkemboi  ,  Songok, Elijah Maritim  ,  Ichimura, Hiroshi

30 ( 5 )  , pp.803 - 805 , 2016-03-13 , Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
A cross-sectional molecular epidemiological study of Entamoeba species was conducted among asymptomatic Kenyan children with (n=123) and without (n=111) HIV infection. The prevalence of E. histolytica was low (0.4%). Entamoeba species infection was inversely related with HIV infection [HIV(+): 29.3% vs. HIV(-): 55.0%, P<0.001]: multiple-species infection was related to higher CD4+ T-cell counts. Thus, HIV infection is not a risk factor for amebic infection, and multiple-species infection can be an indicator of better immune status. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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