Journal Article A Registration System for Preventing/Mitigating Urban Flood Disasters as One Way to Smartly Adapt to Climate Change in Japanese Cities

Yamashita, Sampei  ,  Matsuda, Sadanori  ,  Watanabe, Ryoichi  ,  Shimatani, Yukihiro  ,  Moriyama, Toshiyuki  ,  Hayashi, Hironori  ,  Iyooka, Hiroki  ,  Hamada, Teruki  ,  Yamashita, Terukazu  ,  Kakudo, Kumiko  ,  Minagawa, Tomoko

Intensive rainfall and frequent inundation have become a serious problem in urban areas all over the world. Climate change and heat island effect may be the cause of the phenomena. Widespread impervious pavement/surface of the ground makes things worse. In order to promote an effective river basin management in urban areas and reduce runoff, a registration system called “Safety Plan for 100mm/h-Rainfall” (“100mm/h Anshin Plan” in Japanese), a scheme for preventing and mitigating inundation caused by extremely heavy, short-term rainfall (such as 100mm/h-rainfall) was established in April 2013 by the central government in Japan. This study carried out a questionnaire survey to examine how municipalities effectively utilize the registration scheme for their watershed management. As a result, it is found that there are municipalities who have started/revised subsidizing installation of private rainwater retention/infiltration facilities in association with the registration system; however, municipalities in general are not so active in promoting runoff reduction by subsidizing private facilities. In addition, in the plans emphasizing public works for runoff reduction, public involvement is not so active, whereas in the plans devised with relatively new committees of watershed management, public involvement as well as private retention activities tend to be active. Based on the results, prospects of how a safety plan should be utilized in an urban watershed are discussed and examined from practicality’s point of view.

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