104 , 2016-03-22 , 金沢大学環日本海域環境研究センター = Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology Kanazawa University
In this study, the authors carried out a questionnaire survey of local residents living in coastal areas in Ishikawa Prefecture. The survey involved a discussion of the problems associated with tsunami disaster mitigation. The surveyed districts were Misaki District in Suzu City, Ogi and Ushizu Districts in Noto-cho, and Hashidate District in Kaga City. All of these districts are located along the coast and are expected to experience serious tsunami damage if a tsunami strikes. This expectation is based on assessments conducted by prefectural officials. The results of the questionnaire indicate that the level of readiness for a tsunami disaster by residents is related to their experiences of disaster evacuation drills. In the case of districts which have lots of experiences of disaster evacuation drills that are supported by local governments and local communities, many residents are adequately prepared for a disaster, its after-effects, and the recommended mitigation measures. Disaster readiness also differed according to age and gender. The findings also indicated that more needs to be done to support younger people and women. The four surveyed areas have similar physical features, but each district has different demographic characteristics. These results show that it is necessary to consider appropriate measures according to each district's population and the types of residents' properties.