Journal Article Technique of anatomical single bundle ACL reconstruction with rounded rectangle femoral dilator

Nakase, Junsuke  ,  Toratani, Tatsuhiro  ,  Kosaka, Masahiro  ,  Ohashi, Yoshinori  ,  Numata, Hitoaki  ,  Oshima, Takeshi  ,  Takata, Yasushi  ,  Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki

23 ( 1 )  , pp.91 - 96 , 2016-01-01 , Elsevier
Background: This study aimed to present a new technique for anatomical single bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. We developed an original rounded rectangular dilator set to create rounded rectangular femoral tunnels. This technique can increase the femoral tunnel size without roof impingement, and has the potential to reduce the graft failure rate. We investigated the tunnel position and the incidence of intraoperative complications. Method: The presented technique is anatomical single bundle ACL reconstruction using a semitendinosus graft (with or without the gracilis tendon). The tunnel was drilled via an additional medial portal. Rounded rectangular tunnels were created using a special dilator. Tibial tunnels were created using conventional rounded tunnels. Fixation was achieved using a suspensory device on the femoral side and a plate and screw on the tibial side. Patients: Fifty patients underwent this surgery, and intraoperative complications were investigated. The femoral tunnel positions were documented postoperatively from computed tomography scans using the quadrant method. The tibial tunnel positions (anterior-to-posterior, medial-to-lateral) were documented using intraoperative X-ray scans. Results: Only one patient had a partial posterior tunnel wall blowout. The femoral tunnel length varied between 30 and 40 mm (mean, 34.9 ± 3.3 mm). All femoral and tibial tunnels were located within the area of the anatomical ACL insertions. Conclusion: We did not experience any serious intraoperative complications during anatomical single bundle ACL reconstruction using a rounded rectangle dilator, and the resulting locations of the femoral and tibial tunnels were within the anatomical ACL footprint. Level of evidence: Level IV. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..

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