39 , 2016-03-14 , 金沢大学大学院人間社会環境研究科 = Graduate School of Human and Socio-Enviromental Studies Kanazawa University
Police is part of the state government with several functions; they are including maintaining security and public order, law enforcement, and giving services to the community. Community policing has been evolving slowly since the civil rights movement in the 1960s, exposing the weaknesses of the traditional policing model. It has been developed over the past three decades and continues into the 21st. Community policing is used widely as a term of police philosophies, strategies, and tactics well known as problem oriented policing, neighborhood oriented policing, or community oriented policing. Community policing focuses on crime and social disorder through the delivery of police services that includes aspects of traditional law enforcement, crime prevention, and making partnerships through problem solving. Establishing and maintaining mutual trust is the central goal of the first core component of community policing- community partnership. However, the effectiveness should be achieved at minimal costs, which mean the efficiency concerns. Community policing is affected most by the decentralization and the permanent assignments.