Departmental Bulletin Paper DV被害者支援に取り組むための看護課題 : 医療機関における看護実践
Challenges for Nurses with Regard to Domestic Violence Intervention: Nursing Practices in Medical Settings

藤田, 景子  ,  島田, 啓子

39 ( 2 )  , pp.135 - 143 , 2016-01-27 , 金沢大学つるま保健学会 = Tsuruma Health Science Society, Kanazawa University
The present study was performed to examine the challenges to nursing practices and skills related to the support of domestic violence victims in medical settings.  A questionnaire survey was performed using a descriptive exploratory study design. The subjects were nurses and midwives who participated in a meeting regarding domestic violence (DV) between March and December 2012. A content analysis approach was applied to the comments.  Ninety-five of the 126 participants in the DV meeting completed the questionnaire (response rate: 75.4%). Three categories were extracted regarding nursing practice tasks: “Building a Relationship between DV Victim and Nurses,” “Nursing Practices that Promote the Recovery of DV Victims,” and “Developing a Support System for DV Victims in Medical Settings.”  Three categories that nurses required were extracted relating to nursing skills to support DV victims in medical settings: “ Appropriate DV-related Knowledge,” “Nursing Intervention Techniques to Help DV Victims,” and “Behaviors when Nurses Care for DV Victims.”  At healthcare sites, the assignments and skills required by nurses have become apparent based on the viewpoint of nurses that have previously encountered DV victims. As DV victims tend not to talk about their suffering with others, their issues seldom come to the surface and this may seriously affect their health. Therefore, it is necessary for nurses to obtain nursing skills to support these victims and find and intervene in DV cases at an early stage. Based on the results of this survey, the authors intent to review the contents of nursing education to effectively deal with DV issues.

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