Journal Article Long-term stability of the Hounsfield unit to electron density calibration curve in cone-beam computed tomography images for adaptive radiotherapy treatment planning

Takemura, Akihiro  ,  Tanabe, Shogo  ,  Tokai, Mei  ,  Ueda, Shinichi  ,  Noto, Kimiya  ,  Isomura, Naoki  ,  Kojima, Hironori

14 ( 4 )  , pp.410 - 417 , 2015-06-11 , Cambridge University Press
ISSN:1460-3969
NCID:AA11974173
Description
Aim To use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images for treatment planning, the Hounsfield unit (HU)-electron density (ED) calibration table for CBCT should be stable. The purpose of this study was to verify the stability of the HU values for the CBCT system over 1 year and to evaluate the effects of variation in HU-ED calibration curves on dose calculation. Materials and Methods A tissue characterisation phantom was scanned with the field of view (FOV) of size S (FOV-S) and FOV of size M (FOV-M) using the CBCT system once a month for 1 year. A single field treatment plan was constructed on digital phantom images to validate the dose distribution using mean HU-ED calibration curves and possible variations. Results HU values for each material rod over the observation period varied with trend. The HU value of the cortical bone rod decreased by about 100 HU for the FOV-S and by about 300 HU for the FOV-M. Possible variation in the HU-ED calibration curves produced a ≤17·9% dose difference in the dose maximum in the treatment plan. Conclusions The CBCT system should be calibrated periodically for consistent dose calculation. © Cambridge University Press 2015. Aim To use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images for treatment planning, the Hounsfield unit (HU)-electron density (ED) calibration table for CBCT should be stable. The purpose of this study was to verify the stability of the HU values for the CBCT system over 1 year and to evaluate the effects of variation in HU-ED calibration curves on dose calculation. Materials and Methods A tissue characterisation phantom was scanned with the field of view (FOV) of size S (FOV-S) and FOV of size M (FOV-M) using the CBCT system once a month for 1 year. A single field treatment plan was constructed on digital phantom images to validate the dose distribution using mean HU-ED calibration curves and possible variations. Results HU values for each material rod over the observation period varied with trend. The HU value of the cortical bone rod decreased by about 100 HU for the FOV-S and by about 300 HU for the FOV-M. Possible variation in the HU-ED calibration curves produced a ≤17·9% dose difference in the dose maximum in the treatment plan. Conclusions The CBCT system should be calibrated periodically for consistent dose calculation. © Cambridge University Press 2015.
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http://dspace.lib.kanazawa-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2297/44243/1/ME-PR-TAKEMURA-A-410.pdf

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