Journal Article Nationwide survey of radiation exposure during pediatric computed tomography examinations and proposal of age-based diagnostic reference levels for Japan

Takei, Yasutaka  ,  Miyazaki, Osamu  ,  Matsubara, Kosuke  ,  Shimada, Yoshiya  ,  Muramatsu, Yoshihisa  ,  Akahane, Keiichi  ,  Fujii, Keisuke  ,  Suzuki, Shoichi  ,  Koshida, Kichiro

46 ( 2 )  , pp.280 - 285 , 2016-02-01 , Springer Verlag
Background: Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) have not been established in Japan. Objective: To propose DRLs for CT of the head, chest and abdomen for three pediatric age groups. Materials and methods: We sent a nationwide questionnaire by post to 339 facilities. Questions focused on pediatric CT technology, exposure parameters, CT protocols, and radiation doses for age groups <1 year, 1-5 years, and 6-10 years. Results: For the three age groups in the 196 facilities that responded, the 75th percentile values of volume CT dose index based on a 16-cm phantom (CTDIvol 16 [mGy]) for head, chest and abdominal CT were for infants 39.1, 11.1 and 12.0, respectively; for 1-to 5-year-olds 46.9, 14.3 and 16.7, respectively; and for 6-to 10-year-olds 67.7, 15.0 and 17.0, respectively. The corresponding dose–length products (DLP 16 [mGy・cm]) for head, chest and abdominal CT were for infants 526.1, 209.1 and 261.5, respectively; for 1-to 5-year-olds 665.5, 296.0 and 430.8, respectively; and for 6-to 10-year-olds 847.9, 413.0 and 532.2, respectively. Conclusion: The majority of CTDIvol 16 and DLP 16 values for the head were higher than DRLs reported from other countries. For risk reduction, it is necessary to establish DRLs for pediatric CT in Japan. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
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