Journal Article Application of a variable filter for presampled modulation transfer function analysis with the edge method

Higashide, Ryo  ,  Ichikawa, Katsuhiro  ,  Kunitomo, Hiroshi  ,  Ohashi, Kazuya

8 ( 2 )  , pp.320 - 330 , 2015-07-23 , 日本放射線技術学会 and 日本医学物理学会Japanese Society of Radiological Technology and Japan Society of Medical Physics / Springer-Verlag Tokyo
ISSN:1865-0333
NCID:AA12236881
Description
We devised a new noise filtering method to reduce the noise in the line spread function (LSF) for presampled modulation transfer function (MTF) analysis with the edge method. A filter was designed to reduce noise effectively using a position-dependent filter controlled by the boundary frequency b for low-pass filtering, which is calculated by 1/2d (d: distance from the LSF center). In this filtering process, strong filters with very low b can be applied to regions distant from the LSF center, and the region near the LSF center can be maintained simultaneously by a correspondingly high b. Presampled MTF accuracies derived by use of the proposed method and an edge spread function (ESF)-fitting method were compared by use of simulated ESFs with and without noise, resembling a computed radiography (CR) and an indirect-type flat panel detector (FPD), respectively. In addition, the edge images of clinical CR, indirect-type FPD, and direct-type FPD systems were examined. For a simulated ESF without noise, the calculated MTFs of the variable filtering method agreed precisely with the true MTFs. The excellent noise-reduction ability of the variable filter was demonstrated for all simulated noisy ESFs and those of three clinical systems. Although the ESF-fitting method provided excellent noise reduction only for the CR-like simulated ESF with noise, its noise elimination performance could not be demonstrated due to the lesser robustness of the fitting. © 2015, Japanese Society of Radiological Technology and Japan Society of Medical Physics.
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