Departmental Bulletin Paper 学術とふるさとづくりとの連携 : 金沢大学による「祭り支援プロジェクト」が能登半島の農村社会に与える影響
Connecting Academia and Furusato-zukuri in Rural Japan: The "Festival Support Project" of Kanazawa University and itsImpact on a Village Community in the Noto Peninsula.

ティモ, テーレン

(30)  , pp.171 - 193 , 2015-09-28 , 金沢大学大学院人間社会環境研究科 = Graduate School of Human and Socio-Enviromental Studies Kanazawa University
This article reviews the activities offurusato-zukuri (native place-making) in Japan during the last 40 years and discusses its potential today. While the Japanese economy declined during this period from an economic boom to an uncertain situation, the countryside's problems of depopulation, over-aging, and low business opportunities became serious. In the bubble period,furusato-zukuri policies burnt great amounts of money for doubtable local recovery projects and created a critical myth of self-reliant revitalization. In the 1990s and 2000s, financial support from authorities decreased due to town amalgamations and made the situation for Japan's rural areas more difficult. Many local communities shrank and were forced to give up their village festivals (matsuri) which were essential for their identity. In 2010, Kanazawa University began a project to support village festivals in the Noto Peninsula by sending students to help and interact with the locals. It creates an important chance for contact between urban youth and rural elders. In a mutual exchange, the young students can learn about the countryside's problems, and the villagers receive support for the continuation of their festivals. Although there are some difficulties and critical voices, this concept of creating strong collaborations between remote village communities and universities as institutions ofresearch and education takes a big step towards sustainable revitalizing activities for Japan's over-aged and depopulated countryside.

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