What patients with pervasive developmental disorders think of and expect from nursesWhat patients with pervasive developmental disorders think of and expect from nursesAA11599711 広汎性発達障害者がとらえた看護師の存在と抱いた期待
10 , 2015-07-28 , 金沢大学つるま保健学会 = Tsuruma Health Science Society, Kanazawa University
This study was performed to determine the views and expectations of patients with
pervasive developmental disorders（PDD） regarding nurses. Semi-structured interviews
were conducted with 10 patients with PDD. Five categories were extracted based on
quantitative descriptive analysis of the data: people whose presence is insignificant; people
who do not understand me; people who bring a sense of relief; people who provide support;
and an expectation of understanding. While patients had negative thoughts regarding
nurses as insignificant and as people who did not understand them, they also associated
nurses positively with relief and support, revealing their ambivalent views regarding nurses.
Furthermore, patients had an expectation of being understood by nurses. These findings
suggest that it is important for nurses to understand the hardships experienced by PDD
patients and build relationships with them through communication and nursing care. Using
these newly built relationships taking their characteristics into account, nurses should provide
advice to patients, thereby encouraging them to express their needs and hopes for the future.
As PDD patients may make few expressions, it is necessary to convey what the patients
would like to say and what they are thinking to family members and physicians.