Journal Article Structure and dynamics of room temperature ionic liquids with bromide anion: Results from 81Br NMR spectroscopy

Endo, Takatsugu  ,  Imanari, Mamoru  ,  Hidaka, Yuki  ,  Seki, Hiroko  ,  Nishikawa, Keiko  ,  Sen, Sabyasachi

53 ( 5 )  , pp.369 - 378 , 2015-05-01 , John Wiley and Sons
We report the results of a comprehensive 81Br NMR spectroscopic study of the structure and dynamics of two room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([C<inf>4</inf>mim]Br) and 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium bromide ([C<inf>4</inf>C<inf>1</inf>mim]Br), in both liquid and crystalline states. NMR parameters in the gas phase are also simulated for stable ion pairs using quantum chemical calculations. The combination of 81Br spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation measurements in the motionally narrowed region of the stable liquid state provides information on the correlation time of the translational motion of the cation. 81Br quadrupolar coupling constants (C<inf>Q</inf>) of the two RTILs were estimated to be 6.22 and 6.52 MHz in the crystalline state which were reduced by nearly 50% in the liquid state, although in the gas phase, the values are higher and span the range of 7-53 MHz depending on ion pair structure. The C<inf>Q</inf> can be correlated with the distance between the cation-anion pairs in all the three states. The 81Br C<inf>Q</inf> values of the bromide anion in the liquid state indicate the presence of some structural order in these RTILs, the degree of which decreases with increasing temperature. On the other hand, the ionicity of these RTILs is estimated from the combined knowledge of the isotropic chemical shift and the appropriate mean energy of the excited state. [C<inf>4</inf>C<inf>1</inf>mim]Br has higher ionicity than [C<inf>4</inf>mim]Br in the gas phase, while the situation is reverse for the liquid and the crystalline states. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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