||Socioeconomic Status and Housework: Cultural Differences in Participation in Routine Housework in Japan, Canada, and the US
Kolpashnikova, Kamila ,
Chiba, RyotaShirakawa, Kiyomi
2018-03 , Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University
We analyze time-use diaries from the American Time Use Survey 2003-2016, 1986-2010 Canadian General Social Survey, and the 2011 Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities (Shakai Seikatsu Kihon Chosa) to investigate whether the effects of the socioeconomic status on housework participation work in the same manner across cultural contexts. Using the negative binomial regression, we test whether socioeconomic status is associated with less time spent on housework as the outsourcing hypothesis predicts. We find that this hypothesis stands only for Canadian and American women in wealthier households and unmarried Japanese women. On the other hand, married Japanese women are unlikely to reduce the participation in housework with the increase of their socioeconomic status. In fact, married Japanese women are likelier to increase their housework participation proportionately to the increase of their household income. The results suggest that in Japan, the institute of marriage places more expectation on women’s housework participation, especially among women of higher socioeconomic status.