China, which has been facing environmental problems such as water pollution for a long time, is trying to build a water resource management system to cope with it. However, already established environmental management systems for water resources are "centered on government and administration". As seen in Europe and the United States, "citizens", "civil society", and "community" are not sufficiently given the role of solving environmental problems as independent powers from the government and firms. It is restricted not to become existence that will have a bad influence on national economic growth, social stability, and corporate profit pursuit. In constructing an environmental management system for water resources in China, the substantial participation of "citizens", "civil society", and "community" in the Western style is lacking. In this paper, therefore, it is important for future environmental management system of water resources to strengthen the role of environmental protection to special organization such as NGO, by considering already established environmental management system for water resources of China. This paper shows that it will be a clue.