Departmental Bulletin Paper 行政刑法と秩序罰 : ナチス経済刑法の歴史的考察
Administrative Criminal Law and Administrative Penalties : A Study of Economic Criminal Law in Nazi Germany

田中, 良弘

14 ( 3 )  , pp.69 - 100 , 2015-11-10 , 一橋大学大学院法学研究科
ISSN:1347-0388
NCID:AA1161370X
Description
Economic Criminal Law in Nazi Germany adopted "Ordnungsstrafe," the administrative penalties for violation of the order that authorized the administrative agencies to impose criminal punishments without going through the criminal procedure. Furthermore, Economic Criminal Law in Nazi Germany justified severe punishments including the death penalty for violation of economic laws, by making economic orders a legally protected interest. Today, it is not permissible to impose criminal punishments without criminal procedure, in terms of separation of the powers and due process. Furthermore, it is not permissible to impose criminal punishments in the name of protecting an order because such punishments would result in abuse of criminal punishments. On the other hand, the use of non-criminal penalties by administrative agencies might be an effective means to guarantee enforcement. In reality, the Administrative Offences Act (Ordnungswidrigkeitengesetz) of the Federal Republic of Germany originates from "Ordnungsstrafe."
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http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/27605/1/hogaku0140300690.pdf

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