||アフリカの貧困はどのように報じられているか : 日本の新聞3紙を用いた内容分析から
How is African Poverty Depicted in the Japanese Media? : Content Analysis of Three National Newspapers
アフリカ ノ ヒンコン ハ ドノ ヨウ ニ ホウジラレテ イルカ ニホン ノ シンブン 3シ ヲ モチイタ ナイヨウ ブンセキ カラ
岩根, あずさ ,
Iwane, Azusaイワネ, アズサ
19 , 2018-03 , 大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科 , オオサカ ダイガク ダイガクイン コクサイ コウキョウ セイサク ケンキュウカ
With the development of information technology, citizens are able to access more information about the world and can now play a more significant role within it, including issues such as African poverty. If the amount of information is critical to determine the citizen’s involvement in international issues, the quality of the information, such as how the issue is transmitted and depicted, can also influence the capacity and independence of the involvement. This paper examines the depiction of African poverty in three national Japanese newspapers (Asahi Shinbun, Yomiuri Shinbun and Mainichi Shinbun) to understand what kind of information Japanese citizens can get about African poverty through newspapers. Although previous works showed a general or conflict-focused description of Africa in Japanese newspapers, none have focused on the depiction of African poverty in Japanese newspapers. This paper uses content analysis to measure newspaper coverage and compare it with recent studies about African poverty. This paper concludes that African poverty is represented with an emphasis on internal causes of poverty, while the external factors of poverty are neglected. This unbalanced information transmitted by the newspapers could affect Japanese citizens’ opinions, actions and discussion regarding African poverty.