||Naked Exclusion under Exclusive-offer Competition
Sato, Misato ,
Matsushima, NoriakiKitamura, Hiroshi
Institute of Social and Economic Research Discussion Papers
40 , 2018-03 , The Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University
This study constructs a model of anticompetitive exclusive-offer competition between two existing upstream firms. Under exclusive-offer competition, the upstream firm’s profit depends on the rival’s exclusive offer. If the rival makes an exclusive offer acceptable for the downstream firm, the upstream firm is excluded unless it succeeds in exclusion. Consequently, the upper bound of exclusive offers becomes higher than when one of the upstream firms is a potential entrant that cannot make any exclusive offer.Thus, the exclusion of the existing upstream firm can be an equilibrium outcome even in the case where the potential entrant is never excluded.