Departmental Bulletin Paper 災害と共生 : 人間・自然・社会

矢守, 克也  ,  Yamori, Katsuya  ,  ヤモリ, カツヤ

1 ( 1 )  , pp.15 - 20 , 2017-10 , 「災害と共生」研究会 , サイガイ ト キョウセイ ケンキュウカイ
Human beings initially live in the “original community,” which is characterized as “existence-within” nature and social groups. However, this original form is mostly transformed into a secondary form, that is, the form of “existence-against” nature and others. Human beings living as “existence-within,” live together with nature and others by forming a unified and harmonious whole. In contrast, human beings living as “existence-against” interact with nature and others, as long as nature and others are instrumentally effective “media,” which are intended to minimize the negative aspects of nature and others and maximize their positive aspects. It is important to recognize that natural disasters in a modern society, where most people live “existence-against” types of lives, are caused, not only by direct impact of natural hazards, but also by damage due to over-dependence on the “media” of faulty mitigation strategies or malfunctioning emergency response operations. Therefore, it is worth considering, after we experience natural disasters in a modern society, which direction we should take: strengthening the “medium” to cope with more powerful disasters; or returning to basics by emphasizing the benefits of “existence-within” types of lives.

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