Technical Report 第4の戦場かそれともグローバル・コモンズか : 米中の宇宙空間の軍事化防止策を中心に

竹内, 俊隆  ,  Takeuchi, Toshitaka  ,  タケウチ, トシタカ

2017-1pp.1 - 14 , 2017-01-31 , 大阪大学中国文化フォーラム , Osaka University Forum on China , オオサカ ダイガク チュウゴク ブンカ フォーラム
We have witnessed the rapid progress of missile, rocket, and IT technologies in recent years. As a consequence, satellites that can monitor and survey the earth in minute details that were previously unthinkable are now being been launched on a frequent basis. Mankind has certainly benefited from this progress with the development of such GPS technology and innovations in weather satellites now an indispensable part of our everyday life. The flip side of this coin is, however, it is much easier for and more likely that major states will attempt to utilize this technology for military purposes and can do so without much difficulty. It is now a fact of life that military superiority in space including communication and information capabilities would likely be the decisive factor in the outbreak of hostilities. This aspect has had a vital impact on not only bilateral relationships between, for example, the US and China, but also multilateral relationships. This paper presents an overall picture on this phenomenon of the militarization of space and efforts to avoid it. It will focus on the US and China, but will take note the important role of the EU, and therefore its efforts will be discussed to some extent. There are two major approaches on how to prevent militarization. One school including China advocates the use of legally binding treaties and the other including the EU regards developing an interactional code of conduct as more practical for the time being, given the vastly different perspectives among major powers. This paper will discuss the merits and shortcomings of these two approaches and demonstrate that the code of conduct approach is more feasible as a first practical step for some time to come.

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