Departmental Bulletin Paper 災害被害者の責任帰属についての検証 : テロは殺人とは違うのか
Attributing blame to victims of murder and terrorism
サイガイ ヒガイシャ ノ セキニン キゾク ニ ツイテ ノ ケンショウ テロ ト サツジン ハ チガウ ノカ

竹内, 穂乃佳  ,  釘原, 直樹  ,  タケウチ, ホノカ  ,  クギハラ, ナオキ  ,  Takeuchi, Honoka  ,  Kugihara, Naoki

16pp.27 - 32 , 2016 , 大阪大学大学院人間科学研究科対人社会心理学研究室 , オオサカ ダイガク ダイガクイン ニンゲン カガク ケンキュウカ タイジン シャカイ シンリガク ケンキュウシツ
Previous studies have revealed that observer’s tendencies to attribute to unfortunate victims is affected by the victims’environments and by their willingness to resist disaster. A number of scholars tackle this issue in America, after 9.11,however, this topic has not been very thoroughly studied in Japan. In this study, we used 3 terms (“fault”,“carelessness”and“responsibility”)to study, whether blame attribution differed between case of murder and terrorism.A2×2×2 mixed design (will vs. no will)×(high risk vs.low risk of encountering disaster)×(murder vs.terrorism)was used.The results revealed that in concerning“fault”,observers attribute more blame to the victims in both the will and high risk conditions.Furthermore,in the case of the term“careless”,observers attribute more blame to victims in the low risk and murder conditions. However, concerning“responsibility”, observers’attributions did not differ between any of the conditions. These results suggest observers’blame attribution was influenced by the attaching of labels (fault, carelessness, and responsibility) to the victims’behaviors.

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